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Gay anzeigen Mülheim an der Ruhr

In 843, Cologne became a city within the Treaty of Verdun-created East Francia.

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This included torture, which sentence was only allowed to be handed down by the episcopal judge, the so-called "Greve".This legal situation lasted until the French conquest of Cologne.Besides its economic and political significance Cologne also became an important centre of medieval pilgrimage, when Cologne's Archbishop Rainald of Dassel gave the relics of the Three Wise Men to Cologne's cathedral in 1164 (after they in fact had been captured from Milan).In order to weaken the secular nobility, who threatened his power, Otto endowed Bruno and his successors on the bishop's see with the prerogatives of secular princes, thus establishing the Electorate of Cologne, formed by the temporal possessions of the archbishopric and included in the end a strip of territory along the left Bank of the Rhine east of Jülich, as well as the Duchy of Westphalia on the other side of the Rhine, beyond Berg and Mark.By the end of the 12th century, the Archbishop of Cologne was one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Emperor.Early medieval Cologne was part of Austrasia within the Frankish Empire.

Cologne had been the seat of a bishop since the Roman period; under Charlemagne, in 795, bishop Hildebold was promoted to archbishop.

Cologne is about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of North Rhine-Westphalia's capital of Dusseldorf and 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Bonn.

Cologne is located on both sides of the Rhine, near Germany's borders with Belgium and the Netherlands.

The city was the capital of a Roman province until occupied by the Ripuarian Franks in 462.

Parts of the original Roman sewers are preserved underneath the city, with the new sewerage system having opened in 1890.

The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.